Git – How to use .netrc file on windows to save user and password

You must define: env.

You must define:

  • environment variable %HOME%
  • put a _netrc file in %HOME%

If you are using Windows 7

run the cmd type this:


and the %HOME% will be set to ‘C:\Users\"username"

then go to it and make a file called ‘_netrc

Note: for Windows, you need a ‘_netrc‘ file, not a ‘.netrc‘.

Its content is quite standard (Replace the with your values):

machine <hostname1> 
login <login1> 
password <password1> 
machine <hostname2> 
login <login2> 
password <password2> 

Luke mentions in the comments:

Using the latest version of msysgit on Windows 7, I did not need to set the HOME environment variable. The _netrc file alone did the trick.

This is indeed what I mentioned in “Trying to “install” github, .ssh dir not there“:
git-cmd.bat included in msysgit does set the %HOME% environment variable:

@if not exist "%HOME%" @set HOME=%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH% @if not exist "%HOME%" @set HOME=%USERPROFILE% 

爱国者 believes in the comments that “it seems that it won’t work for http protocol”

However, I answered that netrc is used by curl, and works for http protocol, as shown in this example(look for ‘netrc’ in the page): . Also used with http protocol here: “_netrc/.netrc alternative tocURL“.

A common trap with with netrc support on Windows is that git will bypass using it if an origin https url specifies a user name.

For example, if your .git/config file contains:

[remote "origin"]
     fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
     url =

Git will not resolve your credentials via _netrc, to fix this remove your username, like so:

[remote "origin"]
     fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*
     url =